Ohio, the Buckeye State, is known for many things. Aside from being one of the 10 largest states, Ohio is the birthplace of 10 United States presidents, home to one of the largest top 10 college universities in the country, and affectionately recognized as America's Heartland. For centuries, Ohio has been the focal point of interest to outsiders from all around the world. Before it was officially deemed a state, American Indian tribes occupied much of its territories. The Iroquois Indians, from which Ohio got its name, meaning great river, migrated to Ohio around 1650. The Iroquois were known for their skills as hunters and trappers. They settled into Ohio to take advantage of the abundant wildlife of beavers and deer.
Although there were several tribes occupying much of Ohio at that time, the Iroquois warred with the tribal inhabitants, and eventually established themselves as the state's official residents. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, in 2009 American Indians made up less than 2 percent of Ohio's population, despite the fact that they were the first to settle into Ohio and shape much of its identity. Since its existence, the Buckeye State has been a battleground for all things politics. Being given the nickname, The Mother of Presidents, and known for correctly predicting presidential elections in all but two since 1904, Ohio has established itself as a key campaigning ground for presidential elections. And with 20 electoral votes, and a population of more than 11 million, presidential candidates recognize the importance of winning the Ohio vote.
While Ohio is recognized as a political swing state, meaning that voters in the state are not overwhelmingly for one party or the other, it is also a significant educational powerhouse, being home to one of the largest college campuses in the United States, the Ohio State University (OSU). This top 10 university has more than 55 thousand students; one of the world's most prestigious medical research facilities, The James Cancer Hospital & Solove Research Institute; and one of the top athletic programs in the country. In 1984, the Ohio Division of Travel and Tourism created the slogan, Ohio, The Heart of It All. The slogan showcases the obvious, that Ohio is where residents and tourists alike can experience the state's rich culture, visit one of its many parks, and be totally immersed in the traditions that make the state what it is today.
Written by Lyndsey Morgan