Youngstown, Ohio (OH) is located 61 miles northwest of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and 55 miles south of Lake Erie in the eastern part of the state, just inside the Pennsylvania border. John Young, a settler from New York State, is the man after which the city of Youngstown was named. On February 9, 1797, Young bought 15,560 acres of land in the area for $16,085. He went on to create the first sawmill in the community. The village of Youngstown was officially established and recorded August 19, 1802 and became a city in 1867.
Youngstown, until the 1970s when the steel industry started its collapse, was a center of steel production. People from all over the world, not to mention the country, came to cash in on the plentiful jobs in the coal and steel industries. Immigrants from Wales and Ireland poured into the city. With Youngstown's history of steel industry, it became part of what is known as the Rust Belt, also called the Manufacturing Belt. The Rust Belt starts midway up the state of Michigan and wraps around the Great Lakes through Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and part of New York. The name Rust Belt, Manufacturing Belt, and Factory Belt refers to the transition of areas affected by the decline of the steel industry, during which hundreds of thousands lost their jobs.
Families that settled in the area for the jobs industry offered remain to this day, creating a very diverse city of 66,982 residents. This number makes Youngstown Ohio's ninth largest city. The various ethnic restaurants and places of worship demonstrate the city's resulting mix of cultures. Although Youngstown does still run a few steel operations, the main employer in the area is Youngstown State University in downtown, as well as the one automotive plant. Listed in the Youngstown, OH yellow pages and the Youngstown, OH business directory are the newly created and expanding technological businesses in Youngstown. They also list the many bakeries, restaurants, and food establishments, some of which have expanded to become national chains and brands. Youngstown's rich history of industry, decline, and rebirth make it an interesting and admirably resilient city.
Written by Lyndsey Morgan