Situated in a nook of valley and surrounded by large hills and mountains, Chattanooga, Tennessee has a rich and varied history. In addition, Chattanooga has gone from an industrial powerhouse, housing many railroads and businesses, to a now popular tourist destination.
During the Pre-Columbus era, Native Americans inhabited the region. Cherokee Americans moved to the area in the middle 1700s, to resist European expansion into Indian territory. In 1838 however, the Cherokees were forced off the land and forcefully marched to Oklahoma in what is known as the Trail of Tears. This action allowed European settlers to move in. As a contested city, Chattanooga was a site for fighting between the Confederate and Union forces during the Civil War. Campaigns by Major General Ulysses Grant enabled the Union to hold the city. The city today still bears the marks of the battles, especially on the surrounding hills. As the nation experienced the industrialization of the early 20th century, heavy soot from passing railroads trapped pollutants in the valley, quickly becoming a health hazard for all who lived there. During the de-industrialization of the late 20th century, Chattanooga saw its industry jobs closing shop, population declined, and social strife. At this time, the local government partnered with the state and private companies to revitalize neighborhoods.
Tourism has recently become to play a large role in the revitalization of the city. Local caves and caverns can be found in the Chattanooga, Tennessee yellow pages, with tours occurring throughout most of the year. The fore mentioned Civil War battle scenes are also popular tourist attractions for the city. Many businesses also provide tourist services, such as hotels, restaurants, and other entertainment. Most will likely be available in the Chattanooga, Tennessee business directory. Two aquariums are also available in the city for entertainment, housing many species of fish and mammals. The city of Chattanooga, Tennessee is a city full of history. Few cities have such a turn of events as Chattanooga, with almost none having first been a Native American settlement that cycled into a European town into an industrial powerhouse and currently into a popular tourist destination visited by many people each year.
Written by Lyndsey Morgan